Schnellnavigation

Listenmoderator

Die Liste wird von PCl moderiert.

Webmaster

chiapas.eu powered by KADO.

unterstützte Standards

W3C HTMLW3C CSS
RSS 2.0Adobe PDF
twitter.com/chiapas98

Internationaler Tag für Oaxaca

 

16. Juli 2008

News vom 20.06.2008

  Amnesty International ruft für den 16. Juli 2008 zu einem Internationalen Tag für Oaxaca auf. An dem Tag selbst sowie im Vorfeld sollen weltweit verschiedene Aktionen organisiert werden, u.a. Kulturevents, Filmveranstaltungen, Besuche bei mexikanischen Botschaften sowie Briefsendungen an verantwortliche Stellen in Mexiko. Vorschläge für Aktionsformen finden sich weiter unten, ebenso ganz am Ende der Mail ein Beispielbrief an Behörden sowie Adressen verantwortlicher Stellen.

Weitere Infos zum Hintergrund der Aktion finden sich gleich im Anschluss, sowie unter:

- amnesty international AMR 41/008/2008
http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/AMR41/008/2008/en/AMR410082008en.html
(Englisch)

- Red Oaxaqueño De Derechos Humanos, VII informe, 2006:
http://www.rodh.org.mx/spip.php?article138
(Spanisch)

- Informe de la VI Visita de la CCIODH (2008):
http://cciodh.pangea.org/files/6sexta/informe_VI_Visita_CCIODH.pdf
(Spanisch)

Anlass für den Internationalen Tag für Oaxaca sind die Menschenrechtsverletzungen am 16. Juli vor einem Jahr, als im Zuge eines alternativen Kulturevents, der "Guelaguetza Popular" in Oaxaca-Stadt mehrere Menschen zum Teil schwer verletzt wurden. Das Fest 2007 sollte in Erinnerung an die "Guelaguetza Popular" gefeiert werden, die von den Anhängern der APPO (Volksversammlung der Völker Oaxacas) durchgeführt wurde. Das alternative Fest fand während des friedlichen Aufstandes der Bevölkerung in Oaxaca im Jahre 2006 erstmals statt und ersetzte damals die "offiziellen" Feierlichkeiten. Als die Polizei 2007 einen Zug von Demonstrierenden blockierte, nachdem sie die Veranstaltung am geplanten Ort mit einem massiven Polizeiaufgebot verhindert hatte, bewarfen einige Demonstranten und die Polizei gegenseitig mit Steinen. Die Polizei selbst zerstörte mehrere Fahrzeuge und machte unverhältnismäßig von Gewalt Gebrauch, u.a. unter Einsatz von Schlagstöcken und Tränengas. Etliche Personen kamen bei den Auseinandersetzungen zu Schaden, darunter auch Journalisten und zufällige Passanten. Mehr als 40 Personen wurden festgenommen, darunter 4 junge Frauen und 6 Minderjährige. Die meisten wurden bei der Festnahme schlecht behandelt. Am bekanntesten ist der Fall von Emeterio Cruz, der im Polizeigewahrsam so sehr geschlagen und gefoltert wurde, dass er eine Hirnblutung erlitt, sowie eine Schädelfraktur und Verletzungen am ganzen Körper, die zum Teil von Zigaretten herrührten, die auf ihm ausgedrückt worden waren. Erst ca. 6 Wochen nach dem Vorfall, am 28 August 2007, verließ Emeterio im Rollstuhl, mit einer Magensonde und künstlichem Beatmungsgerät das Krankenhaus. Durch die Misshandlungen und Folterungen erlitt Emeterio ein Gehirntrauma, durch das er heute zu 50% gelähmt ist. Er musste erst wieder sprechen lernen, leidet unter Gedächtnisverlust und muss noch heute die schweren psychischen Folgeerscheinungen der Tat ertragen. Die Familie Emeterios wurde in den Tagen und Wochen nach dem Vorfall von Polizisten zwecks Einschüchterung vor ihrem Haus bewacht, bedrängt und belästigt. Im Januar 2008 wurde eine Anklage gegen ihn wegen Brandstiftung und Sachbeschädigung fallen gelassen.

Trotz vielfacher Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch die Polizei wurde bisher einzig Emeterio Cruz’ Fall strafrechtlich untersucht. Nach Intervention von Amnesty International und der Interamerikanischen Menschenrechtskommission wurden im September 2007 5 Polizisten wegen Körperverletzungen und Amtsmissbrauch zur Verhandlung übergeben. Sie sind nach wie vor in Polizeigewahrsam und warten auf ihr Verfahren. Es ist fraglich, ob in absehbarer Zeit überhaupt die Täter bestraft werden. In einem Akt schieren Zynismus belegte am 13. März 2008 die Justizgewalt des Staates Oaxaca (Poder Judicial de Oaxaca) Emeterio Marino Cruz wegen Versäumung eines Gerichtstermins mit einer Strafe von 1.500 Pesos, obwohl er aufgrund seiner körperlichen und psychischen Verfassung nicht in der Lage war, vor Gericht zu erscheinen.

promovio e.V.
Verein zur Förderung der indianischen Menschenrechtsbewegung in Oaxaca/ Mexiko, Dresden


Informationen aus: Amnesty International: MEXICO: Laws without Justice.
ACTION CIRCULAR -UPDATE 1, March 2008

3.2 Oaxaca

Main issues that still need action:

− Two of the main issues after the crises started in June 2006 are injustice and impunity. Both, the report "Oaxaca, Clamour for Justice" (AI Index: AMR 41/31/2007) and the action document "Oaxaca, 16 July Human Rights Violations Still Waiting for Justice" (AMR 41/31/2007), focus on the urgent need for justice to all those who suffered human rights violations during the crisis, including the victims of unlawful killings.

− The respect and protection of human rights defenders in Oaxaca.

− Respect and protection of the human rights of those who are still detained in relation to the crisis in Oaxaca. According to recent information received there are still five men detained, who appear to be all members of the APPO. The Mexico team will continue to monitor their situation.

Recommended actions:

3.2.1 On 16 July 2008 – the international day for Oaxaca

The idea of an international day dedicated to Oaxaca arose during the Mexico CAP meeting in Amsterdam on November last year and the proposed aim of this day is to give international visibility to the human rights violations committed in Oaxaca since the crises started in June 2006 and to make an international call for justice and against impunity. On 16 July took place the last violent events in a confrontation between protestors and police, since then there have been some cases of concern but not of a similar scale (e.g. Further Information on UA 155/07 − Fear for safety/Death threats, AMR 41/006/2008, 25 February 2008).

Here are some suggested activities you can deliver on 16 July 2008. If you have other ideas, please let the Mexico Team know in order to share them with other sections/structures.

a. Cultural event:

Internationally Mexico is very well known for its tourist attractions, including its food and culture. This part of the event can be used as a ’raise awareness’ session. The cultural event is a way to acknowledge the positive aspects of Mexico, to attract people and, at the same time, to remind people that grave human rights violations were committed in the context of a major cultural festivity, the Guelaguetza (please refer to the document: "Oaxaca, 16 July Human Rights Violations Still Waiting for Justice" (AMR 41/31/2007)).

In the cultural event you can have, for instance, Mexican music, a photos exhibition and Mexican drinks.

b. Cine-forum

The recently produced ’HLM Mexico 2007’ DVD has a chapter dedicated to Oaxaca. You can use it as a starting point to discus the situation of Oaxaca and/or to invite people to take action.

c. Invitee from Oaxaca:

It may be possible to invite someone from Oaxaca to the event to tell her/his story; but if you wish to do so please contact in advance the Mexico team for advice on this as grave human rights violations were committed there and although the situation is calm at the moment, there is still some tension. Also if you are considering inviting a guest it will be important to consider joining forces with other coordinators/sections in your region to cover costs and make the journey as productive as possible for the guest.

d. Letter writing marathon and/or postcards:

After the cine-forum or your main activity that day please invite people to write to the authorities, you can have, for instance, a letter writing marathon or print postcards to be signed. Please see attached sample letter on Oaxaca.

e. Book with messages of solidarity to Oaxaca:

Additionally to the letters/postcards to the authorities you can also write messages of solidarity to the victims of human rights violations. You can invite people to write these messages in a book in which you can also include pictures of the events that take place in that day. Please send your solidarity messages to the Comité 25 de Noviembre, please see details below.

f. Candle ceremony:

Light a candle(s) as a symbol of hope for the victims of human rights violations in Oaxaca and in memory of those who where killed during the crisis.

g. Badges and/or stickers

Badges and/or stickers may be a way to give visibility to the event and to keep a memory of it.

h. Banners with extracts of individual testimonies

Banners with extracts of individual testimonies included in the report "Oaxaca, Clamour for Justice" (AI Index: AMR 41/31/2007) and/or quotes from the following documents can be used to raise awareness and contextualize the events.

i. Web action

Along with the events we would like to encourage sections/structures to have a web action on Oaxaca for the first anniversary of the violent events of 16 July. You may want to use an extract of the ’HLM Mexico 2007’ DVD, the attached sample letter and the action document "Oaxaca, 16 July Human Rights Violations Still Waiting for Justice" (AMR 41/31/2007) in your web action.

j. Send invitations to the international day for Oaxaca to…

Think of the possibility of inviting members of institutions who in one way or another are interested in Mexico and who may have an influence on Mexican authorities to all or some of the vents on the international day for Oaxaca, along with the invitees of your preference.

k. Parallel events on the international day for Oaxaca

Some of the events listed above can be held the same day in different institutions or organizations, e.g. the cine-forum and the letter-writing marathon in schools and universities.

l. A letter to be "officially" handed in an embassy visit

On 16 July 2008 or around this date the section/structure director could hand a letter regarding Oaxaca in to the Mexican embassy. This could also be a good opportunity to get media attention and to get the letter published in local News papers.

3.2.2 Lobby

With occasion of the international day for Oaxaca, send a copy the report "Oaxaca, Clamour for Justice" (AI Index: AMR 41/31/2007) and of the public document "Oaxaca, 16 July Human Rights Violations Still Waiting for Justice" (AMR 41/31/2007) with a cover letter to representatives of your home government such as Ministries of Foreign Affairs, ministers with Latin-America or human rights briefs. In that letter raise concern at the impunity and the need for justice in these cases of grave human rights violations.

In the cover letter and/or in visits to representatives of your home government you may also want to mention the following issues and cases:

a. excessive use of force (including lethal force), refer to the case, for instance, of José Jiménez Colmenares included in the report "Oaxaca, Clamour for Justice" (AI Index: AMR 41/31/2007) (Pages 8-9) and in the "HLM Mexico 2007" DVD.

b. arbitrary and incommunicado detentions, refer to the case of Germán Mendoza Nube included in the document "Laws without Justice Appeal Cases" (AMR 41/015/2007).

c. ill-treatment and torture, refer to the case of Felipe Sánchez and Edgar Molina, included in the report "Oaxaca, Clamour for Justice" (AI Index: AMR 41/31/2007) (Page 6).

d. due process and the right to fair trial, refer to the case of Ramiro Aragón, Elionai Santiago Sánchez and Juan Gabriel Ríos, included in the document "Laws without Justice Appeal Cases" (AMR 41/015/2007) and in the report "Oaxaca, Clamour for Justice" (AI Index: AMR 41/31/2007) (Pages 4-6).

e. threats and harassment, refer to the case of Aline Castellanos included in the document "Laws without Justice Appeal Cases" (AMR 41/015/2007) (Pages 12-13).

f. the need of serious and impartial investigations into these abuses:

− acknowledge that there have been some advances in the case of Emeterio Cruz (see "Oaxaca, 16 July Human Rights Violations Still Waiting for Justice" (AMR 41/31/2007)) and in the killing of US journalist Bradley Will (a delegation of Physicians for Human Rights will shortly visiting Mexico to examine some of the evidence gathered by the State and Federal Prosecutors Offices in the investigation into this killing);

− make clear that these two cases are among several other cases of grave human rights violations that are also still waiting for any advances;

− raise AI’s deep concern on the decision of the Federal Prosecutor’s Office (Procuraduría General de la República-PGR) to close investigations into the killings of Pánfilo Hernández, Lorenzo Sampablo, José Colmenares, Alejandro García, Jorge López and Emilio Alonso Fabián. According to information received from local organizations and News papers, this decision was made after family members of those murdered received letters from the PGR requesting them to provide further evidence surrounding their relatives’ deaths or the investigations would be closed. The relatives were subsequently informed that the PGR investigations had been closed.

Please feel free to use other cases that are not mentioned here but included in the report "Oaxaca, Clamour for Justice" (AI Index: AMR 41/31/2007).

3.2.3 Letter-writing to Mexican authorities

Use the sample letter and/or the appeals included in the action document "Oaxaca, 16 July Human Rights Violations Still Waiting for Justice" (AMR 41/31/2007), for the letter-writing marathon planned for the international day for Oaxaca and/or for any other letter-writing action. A list of authorities to target is enclosed at the back of this document.


6.2 SAMPLE LETTER 2 – OAXACA

Dear…,

I am writing to you to express my concern at the grave human rights violations documented in the report "MEXICO: Oaxaca, Clamour for Justice" (AI Index: AMR 41/31/2007) and in the public document Oaxaca, 16 July Human Rights Violations Still Waiting for Justice" (AMR 41/31/2007).

I am particularly concerned at the lack of justice and ongoing impunity in the cases of excessive use of force (including lethal force); arbitrary and incommunicado detention; ill-treatment and torture; threats and harassment of human rights defenders and journalists; and, violations in due process and the right to fair trial, documented in the mentioned report. I am also deeply concern at the recent decision of the Federal Prosecutor’s Office (Procuraduría General de la República-PGR) to close investigations into the killings of Pánfilo Hernández, Lorenzo Sampablo, José Colmenares, Alejandro García, Jorge López and Emilio Alonso Fabián.

I recognize that in relation to the human rights abuses of 16 July 2007, there have been advances in the investigation into the human rights abuses committed against Emeterio Cruz; however, there are still major steps needed to comply with the obligation to investigate and to bring all those responsible to justice for the human rights violations committed on 16 July 2007. The results of such investigations need to be made public. And, all the victims of the human rights violations committed in Oaxaca since the crises started in June 2006, must receive full redress.

I would therefore urge you to take action in order to guarantee serious and impartial investigations into the human rights violations committed in Oaxaca since the crises started in June 2006, and to take measures to prevent repetition of similar abuses and make them public.

Yours truly,


7. LIST OF AUTHORITIES

7.2 In relation to Oaxaca

In order of priority:

1. President of the Republic

Lic. Felipe de Jesús Calderón Hinojosa
Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Residencia Oficial de "Los Pinos", Casa Miguel Alemán, Col. San Miguel
Chapultepec, México D.F., C.P. 11850, MÉXICO
Fax: (+ 52 55) 52772376
Salutation: Señor Presidente / Dear Mr President

2. Prosecutor of the Republic

Lic. Eduardo Medina-Mora Icaza
Procurador General de la Republica, Procuraduría General de la República
Paseo de la Reforma nº 211-213, Piso 16, Col. Cuauhtémoc, Del.
Cuauhtémoc, México D.F., C.P. 06500
Fax: (+52 55) 53 46 09 08 (pedir tono de fax)
E-mail: E-Mail-Adresse versteckt; JavaScript wird zur Anzeige benoetigt
Salutation: Señor Procurador General / Dear Attorney General

3. Governor of Oaxaca

Lic. Ulises Ruiz Ortiz
Gobernador del Estado de Oaxaca
Carretera Oaxaca-Puerto Ángel, Km. 9.5, Santa María Coyotepec, Oaxaca
C.P. 71254, Oaxaca, MEXICO
Fax: (+52 951) 502 0530
E-mail: E-Mail-Adresse versteckt; JavaScript wird zur Anzeige benoetigt
Salutation: Señor Gobernador / Dear Governor

4. State Attorney General of Oaxaca

Lic. Evencio Nicolás Martínez Ramírez
Procurador General de Justicia del Estado de Oaxaca
Avenida Luis Echeverría s/n, Col. La Experimental, San Antonio de la
Cal, C.P. 71236, Oaxaca, MEXICO
Fax: (+52 951) 511 5519
Salutation: Dear Prosecutor/Estimado Procurador

5. Minister of the Interior

Lic. Juan Camilo Mouriño Terrazo
Secretaría de Gobernación
Bucareli 99, 1er. piso, Col. Juárez, Del. Cuauhtémoc, México D.F.,
C.P.06600, MEXICO
Fax: (+52 55) 5093 3414
E-mail: E-Mail-Adresse versteckt; JavaScript wird zur Anzeige benoetigt
Salutation: Señor Secretario / Dear Minister

COPIES TO:

President of the National Human Rights Commission
Dr. José Luis Soberanes Fernández, Presidente de la Comisión Nacional de
Derechos Humanos
Periférico Sur 3469, 5º piso, Col. San Jerónimo Lídice, México D.F.
10200, MEXICO

President of the State Human Rights Commission
Dr. Heriberto Antonio García, Presidente de la Comisión de Derechos
Humanos del Estado de Oaxaca
Calle de los Derechos Humanos No. 210, Col. América, 68050, Oaxaca, MÉXICO

 Diese Seite bookmarken:  
  add to Google Bookmark add to digg add to Yahoo MyWeb Bookmark newsvine Bookmark del.icio.us Bookmark reddit Bookmark StumbleUpon Bookmark Twitter Bookmark Mr.Wong Bookmark Webnews Bookmark Yigg 
 
 
 Print & Co:  
  E-Mail Drucker PDF 
 

Aktuell empfohlen

Das kritische Denken angesichts der kapitalistischen Hydra

Veranstaltungskalender

back Dezember 2017 forward
S M D M D F S
          1 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31